Nectarine (Large) Growing Guide
Crop Rotation Group
Moisture-retentive but well-drained. Avoid planting in heavy soils.
Nectarines need full sun to limit disease and produce high quality fruit.
Yes, but it is important to choose varieties known to grow well in your area to reduce risk of losing blooms to spring freezes in cold areas.
Top-dress generously with well-rotted organic matter in spring , along with a balanced organic fertiliser. Keep the area under nectarines mulched with wood chips or sawdust.
Corridors within the orchard that are planted with clovers and other legumes contribute to soil fertility and attract pollinators.
Single Plants: 6,00m (19' 8") each way (minimum)
Rows: 6,00m (19' 8") with 6,00m (19' 8") row gap (minimum)
Sow and Plant
Plant in winter while they are dormant. This gives them a chance to settle and develop their roots before putting their energy into spring growth. Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. A wide hole is better than a very deep one. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests. Young nectarine trees are at high risk for damage from insects that bore into the main trunk.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.
Nectarines are self-fertile, but produce better when more than one tree is grown. Prune nectarines hard in winter.
Pick when the colour has fully developed and the flesh feels soft near the stalk. The fruit should pull away easily from the tree.
Keep plant dry under cover to avoid peach leaf curl. In humid climates, nectarines often develop problems with fungal diseases such as brown rot. Preventive sprays with organic fungicides are often needed to grow good quality nectarines. Plum curculios feed on buds, flowers and unripe fruits. Control by allowing hens to feed around trees, or shake branches to dislodge the insects onto a sheet then plunge into very hot water. Remove any fallen fruits as soon as possible. Peach borers can be identified by holes in the bark with a sawdustlike frass. Poke a needle into the hole to kill the borer.
Planting and Harvesting Calendar
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